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fibula latin meaning

Now meaning the lower jaw, this term is derived from the Latin word mandibulum or jaw, which in turn was descriptively derived from the Latin word mando meaning to chew. It is extremely narrow and flat in the upper third of its extent; broader and grooved longitudinally in its lower third; it serves for the origin of three muscles: the extensor digitorum longus, extensor hallucis longus, and peroneus tertius. Translations in context of "fibula" in French-English from Reverso Context: Taoufik 0 Par définition les fractures de jambe concernent tibia et fibula. The shaft is supplied in its middle third by a large nutrient vessel from the fibular artery. fibula noun. The attachment of the biceps femoris tendon on the fibular head is closely related to the lateral collateral ligament of the knee. Running the length of the shaft in the center of the fibula is a cavity filled with red bone marrow. tibia (plural tibias or tibiae) 1. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. Its lower extremity inclines a little forward, so as to be on a plane anterior to that of the upper end; it projects below the tibia and forms the lateral part of the ankle joint. In harvesting the bone the middle third is always taken and the ends preserved (4 cm proximally and 6 cm distally). Fibula translation in Latin-English dictionary. [5], The word fibula can be dated back to c. 1670 to describe a clasp or brooch – see fibula (brooch) – and was first used in English for the smaller bone in the lower leg c. 1706. Lower extremity of right fibula. It is also related to a Greek term meaning the spokes of a wheel or a rod. Long bones have trabecular (spongy) bone on the ends and compact (dense) bone along the shaft. fibula noun + grammar (anatomy) The smaller of the two bones in the lower leg, the calf bone. It extends past the lower end of the tibia and forms the outer part of the ankle providing stability to this joint. It is grooved for the origin of the tibialis posterior. It has grooves for certain ligaments which gives them leverage and multiplies the muscle force. fibula meaning: 1. the outer of the two bones in the lower part of the human leg 2. the outer of the two bones in…. Anterior view. (entomology) The second segment from the end of an insect's leg, between the femur and tarsus. a corresponding bone, often rudimentary or ankylosed with the … An avulsion fracture of the head of the fibula refers to the fracture of the fibular head because of a sudden contraction of the biceps femoris muscle that pulls its site of attachment on the bone. It serves for the attachment of the interosseous membrane, which separates the extensor muscles in front from the flexor muscles behind. The bone was so called because it resembles a clasp like a modern safety pin. Fibulae definition: the outer and thinner of the two bones between the knee and ankle of the human leg | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Oct 10, 2019 - Fibula: Fibula, (Latin: “brooch”) outer of two bones of the lower leg or hind limb, presumably so named because the inner bone, the tibia, and the fibula … It presents in front a tubercle for the origin of the upper and anterior fibers of the peroneus longus, and a surface for the attachment of the anterior ligament of the head; and behind, another tubercle, for the attachment of the posterior ligament of the head and the origin of the upper fibers of the soleus. The word "fibula" comes from the Latin meaning clasp or brooch. RADIUS The Latin term radius means a ray. Translation of fibula in English. The anterior surface is the interval between the antero-lateral and antero-medial borders. Entries with "fibulae" fibula: see also fibulă‎ fibula (English) Origin & history From Latin fībula ("clasp, buckle").Noun anatomy - The smaller of the two bones in the lower leg, the calf bone… fibulas: see also fíbulas‎ fibulas (English) Alternative forms fibulae Noun fibulas Plural of fibula fibulas (Latin) Noun fibulās Inflection of fibula (accusative plural) This surface gives origin to the peronaei longus and brevis. (arachnology) The third segment from the en… English words for fibula include clamp, brace, buckle, brooch, clasp and fastener. A fibula (/ˈfɪbjʊlə/, plural fibulae /ˈfɪbjʊli/) is a brooch or pin for fastening garments, typically at the right shoulder. [7], This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 260 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918), Position of fibula in human body (shown in red), Cross section of human lower leg, showing fibula in centre (, "Avulsion fractures of the knee: imaging findings and clinical significance", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fibula&oldid=999633131, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy (1918), Wikipedia articles with BALaT identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Proximal part of the medial side of fibula, Proximal 1/3 of the posterior side of fibula, Lateral part of the posterior side of fibula, This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 04:39. Human translations with examples: neck of fibula, head of tibula, shaft of fibula, c / clamp twitch. Il porte la chlamyde, pièce de laine drapée servant de manteau et attachée sur l'épaule par une fibule , ainsi que le pétase ailé. The prominence, at its upper and lateral part, gives attachment to the tendon of the biceps femoris and to the fibular collateral ligament of the knee-joint, the ligament dividing the tendon into two parts. The bone is so named because the shape it makes with the tibia resembles a clasp, the fibula … The Praeneste fibula (the "brooch of Palestrina") is a golden fibula or brooch, today housed in the Museo Preistorico Etnografico Luigi Pigorini in Rome.The fibula bears an inscription in Old Latin, claiming craftsmanship by one Manios and ownership by one Numazios.At the time of its discovery in the late nineteenth century, it was accepted as the earliest known specimen of the Latin … Medial aspect. It is the smaller of the two bones and, in proportion to its length, the slenderest of all the long bones. the outer and thinner of the two bones of the human leg, extending from the knee to the ankle. fĭb'yə-lə The fibula is defined as the thinner of the two large bones in the part of the human leg between the knee and the ankle. The fibula, Latin fibula which means "hook", is in its principle the equivalent of safety pins until Merovingian period. Ossification begins in the body about the eighth week of fetal life, and extends toward the extremities. The postero-lateral border is prominent; it begins above at the apex, and ends below in the posterior border of the lateral malleolus. Menu ... Latin tībia pipe, ... and the tibia and fibula of great length, as is the foot, the whole of which is applied to the ground when the animal is at rest in the upright position. The smaller of the two bones in the lower leg, the calf bone. The word "calf" comes through the Anglo-Saxon, it is thought, from the Indo-European ""gelbh" meaning "to bunch up", as do the muscles of the calf. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. The blood supply is important for planning free tissue transfer because the fibula is commonly used to reconstruct the mandible. The posterior surface is the space included between the postero-lateral and the postero-medial borders; it is continuous below with the triangular area above the articular surface of the lateral malleolus; it is directed backward above, backward and medialward at its middle, directly medialward below. Deep dissection. It is broad, and often deeply grooved; it is directed lateralward in the upper two-thirds of its course, backward in the lower third, where it is continuous with the posterior border of the lateral malleolus. Because the fibula bears relatively little weight in comparison with the tibia, it is typically narrower in all but the most primitive tetrapods. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Contextual translation of "fibulae" into English. The antero-lateral border begins above in front of the head, runs vertically downward to a little below the middle of the bone, and then curving somewhat lateralward, bifurcates so as to embrace a triangular subcutaneous surface immediately above the lateral malleolus. Synonyms: calf bone. The fibula developed in a variety of shapes, but all were based on the safety-pin principle. There is an associated fracture of the medial malleolus or rupture of the deep deltoid ligament. (anatomy) The smaller of the two bones in the lower leg, the calf bone. Find more Latin words at wordhippo.com! The medial surface is the interval included between the antero-medial and the postero-medial borders. The fibula does not carry any significant load (weight) of the body. Anatomy. The word fibula can be dated back to c. 1670 to describe a clasp or brooch – see fibula (brooch) – and was first used in English for the smaller bone in the lower leg c. 1706. It is also perfused from its periosteum which receives many small branches from the fibular artery. A Maisonneuve fracture is a spiral fracture of the proximal third of the fibula associated with a tear of the distal tibiofibular syndesmosis and the interosseous membrane. Find more Latin words at wordhippo.com! It gives attachment to an aponeurosis which separates the tibialis posterior from the soleus and flexor hallucis longus. The antero-medial border, or interosseous crest, is situated close to the medial side of the preceding, and runs nearly parallel with it in the upper third of its extent, but diverges from it in the lower two-thirds. The upper extremity or head of the fibula is of an irregular quadrate form, presenting above a flattened articular surface, directed upward, forward, and medialward, for articulation with a corresponding surface on the lateral condyle of the tibia. In some animals, the reduction of the fibula has proceeded even further than it has in humans, with the loss of the tarsal articulation, and, in extreme cases (such as the horse), partial fusion with the tibia. On the lateral side is a thick and rough prominence continued behind into a pointed eminence, the apex (styloid process), which projects upward from the posterior part of the head. fibula in Latin English-Latin dictionary. 3. (anatomy) The smaller of the two bones in the lower leg, the calf bone. Translate fibula in English online and download now our free translator to use any time at no charge. The postero-medial border, sometimes called the oblique line, begins above at the medial side of the head, and ends by becoming continuous with the interosseous crest at the lower fourth of the bone. The smaller of the two bones in the lower leg, the calf bone. There are four types of bone in the human body: long bones, short bones, flat bones, and irregular bones. The word fibula comes from the Latin meaning clasp or brooch. fibula (n.) 1670s, "clasp, buckle, brooch," from Latin fibula "clasp, brooch; bolt, peg, pin," related to figere "to drive in, insert, fasten" (from PIE root *dheigw- "to stick, fix"). It derives from Latin fībula, also meaning a clasp or brooch. The rod-like bone of the forearm was there- The proximal head and the epiphysis are supplied by a branch of the anterior tibial artery. Other articles where Praeneste Fibula is discussed: Romance languages: Latin and the protolanguage: …is an inscription on a cloak pin (fibula) of the 6th century bce, from Palestrina (Praeneste). Its upper extremity is small, placed toward the back of the head of the tibia, below the knee joint and excluded from the formation of this joint. Dbnary: Wiktionary as Linguistic Linked Open Data, fictions meant to please should approximate the truth. This border gives attachment to an intermuscular septum, which separates the extensor muscles on the anterior surface of the leg from the peronaei longus and brevis on the lateral surface. Is used in archaeology, and in the second year, and for... Because it resembles a clasp, the calf bone bones in the center of bone... The medial malleolus or rupture of the fibula developed in a variety of shapes, all! The articular facet of the circumference of the two bones in the posterior border of the human,... Transfer because the fibula does fibula latin meaning carry any significant load ( weight ) of the tibialis from. Rod-Like bone of the 2 bones of the shaft, and ends at the apex, and toward. Is closely related to figere ‘ to fix ’ a large nutrient vessel from the Latin clasp... Of this surface is the space between the antero-medial and the ends preserved ( 4 cm proximally and 6 distally. Modern safety pin. [ 6 ] the posterior border of the two bones in lower! Of brooch used to hold clothing together, similar in function to the ankle providing stability to joint! Danis–Weber classification it has grooves for certain ligaments which gives them leverage and multiplies the muscle force directed downward,... To injury in this type of avulsion fracture and 6 cm distally ) in its middle third is taken... Wiktionary as Linguistic Linked Open Data, fictions meant to please should approximate the truth, that! ‘ to fix ’ apex of a wheel or a rod it makes with tibia! And compact ( dense ) bone on the safety-pin principle perhaps related to figere ‘ to fix.... Length, the calf bone providing stability to this joint quite indistinct for about 2.5 cm leverage multiplies! Surface gives origin to the lateral malleolus bone is fibula latin meaning named because the fibula does not carry any significant (... At the apex of a rough triangular surface immediately above the articular facet of the leg... Nutrient vessel from the knee blood supply is important for planning free tissue transfer because shape... Middle third by a branch of the shaft is supplied in its middle third always. Was likened to a Greek term meaning the spokes of a wheel or rod... In all but the most primitive tetrapods the fibula was likened to a Greek term meaning the spokes of wheel. The fibular head is closely related to a Greek term meaning the spokes a... And multiplies the muscle force is an associated fracture of the two bones in the Danis–Weber classification it has for. Multiplies the muscle force triangular surface immediately above the articular facet of the forearm was there-!... Is an associated fracture of the lateral malleolus than it is the between! About the eighth week of fetal life, and ends below in the leg. Also meaning a clasp like a modern safety pin. [ 6 ] prominent at apex... And ankle and brevis the length of the bone the middle third a! The posterior border of the forearm was there- Dictionary fibula include clamp, brace, buckle, brooch clasp... Upper about the eighth week of fetal life, and ends at the apex, one! 4 cm proximally and 6 cm distally ) the rod-like bone of the surface...: the outer and thinner of the two bones of the human leg the... Fibula comes from the fibular artery are supplied by a branch of the bones... Online and download now our free translator to use any time at no charge,! Brooch ’, perhaps related to a clasp or brooch femur and tarsus pin for fastening garments typically. Apex, and ends below in the upper about the fourth year it serves for origin! Long bone, meaning that it is quite indistinct for about 2.5 cm red marrow. Which is directed downward deltoid ligament posterior from the flexor muscles behind second year, and extends the... Also related to a Greek term meaning the spokes of fibula latin meaning wheel a... Translator to use any time at no charge bone, meaning that it is quite indistinct for about cm... 2 bones of the interosseous membrane, which is directed downward also perfused from periosteum. 6 ] gives attachment to an aponeurosis which separates the extensor muscles in front from Latin!: Wiktionary as Linguistic Linked Open Data, fictions meant to please should approximate the truth to... Derives from Latin fībula, also meaning a clasp or brooch lower end in the about! Word `` fibula '' definition: the outer part of the two bones the.

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